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Calculating the signed area for an polygon can be found when you know the coordinates of the vertices.

We offer 3 methods below:

Method 1:

function ComputeArea($polygon) {$NumPoints = count($polygon); if($polygon[$NumPoints-1] ==$polygon[0]){
$NumPoints--; }else{ //Add the first point at the end of the array.$polygon[$NumPoints] =$polygon[0];
}

$area = 0; for($i = 0; $i <=$NumPoints; ++$i )$area += $polygon[$i][0]*( $polygon[$i+1][1] - $polygon[$i-1][1] );
$area /= 2; return$area;
}

Method 2:

function ComputeArea($polygon) {$NumPoints = count($polygon); if($polygon[$NumPoints-1] ==$polygon[0]){
$NumPoints--; }else{ //Add the first point at the end of the array.$polygon[$NumPoints] =$polygon[0];
}

$area = 0; for($i = 0; $i <$NumPoints; $i += 2 )$area += $polygon[$i+1][0]*($polygon[$i+2][1]-$polygon[$i][1]) + $polygon[$i+1][1]*($polygon[$i][0]-$polygon[$i+2][0]);

$area /= 2; return$area;
}

Method 3:

function ComputeArea($polygon) {$NumPoints = count($polygon); if($polygon[$NumPoints-1] ==$polygon[0]){
$NumPoints--; }else{ //Add the first point at the end of the array.$polygon[$NumPoints] =$polygon[0];
}

$area = 0; for ($i = 0; $i <$NumPoints; $i++) {$i1 = ($i + 1) %$NumPoints;
$area += ($polygon[$i][1] +$polygon[$i1][1]) * ($polygon[$i1][0] -$polygon[$i][0]); }$area /= 2;
return $area; } Method 4: function ComputeArea($polygon)
{
$NumPoints = count($polygon);

if($polygon[$NumPoints-1] == $polygon[0]){$NumPoints--;
}else{
//Add the first point at the end of the array.
$polygon[$NumPoints] = $polygon[0]; } if ($NumPoints < 3) {
return 0;
} else {
$area = 0;$lastPoint = $polygon[$NumPoints - 1];
foreach ($polygon as$point) {
$area += ($lastPoint[0] * $point[1] -$lastPoint[1] * $point[0]);$lastPoint = $point; } return ($area / 2.0);
}
}

Note: If you list the points in a clockwise order instead of counterclockwise, you will get the negative of the area. Hence this can be used as a tool to identify the cyclic path or sequence of a given set of points forming a polygon.

To get positive value, you can use abs function.

function ComputeArea2($polygon){ return abs(ComputeArea($polygon));
}

Example 1:

$polygon = array( array(0,0), array(4,0), array(2,3), array(4,6), array(0,6), ); echo ComputeArea($polygon);

Result:

18

Example 2:

$polygon = array( array(0,6), array(4,6), array(2,3), array(4,0), array(0,0), ); echo ComputeArea($polygon);

Result:

-18

Note: Shoelace formula apply for simple polygon (non-self-intersecting polygon).

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