How to convert MKV to VOD HLS M3U8


Requirement: FFMPEG
How to install ffmpeg on CentOS 6 and 7
How to compile FFmpeg on CentOS

Step 1: Create file or download file create-vod-hls.sh

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -e

# Usage create-vod-hls.sh SOURCE_FILE [OUTPUT_NAME]
[[ ! "${1}" ]] && echo "Usage: create-vod-hls.sh SOURCE_FILE [OUTPUT_NAME]" && exit 1

# comment/add lines here to control which renditions would be created
renditions=(
# resolution  bitrate  audio-rate
#  "426x240    400k    64k"
  "640x360    800k     96k"
  "842x480    1400k    128k"
  "1280x720   2800k    128k"
  "1920x1080  5000k    192k"
)

segment_target_duration=4       # try to create a new segment every X seconds
max_bitrate_ratio=1.07          # maximum accepted bitrate fluctuations
rate_monitor_buffer_ratio=1.5   # maximum buffer size between bitrate conformance checks

#########################################################################

source="${1}"
target="${2}"
if [[ ! "${target}" ]]; then
  target="${source##*/}" # leave only last component of path
  target="${target%.*}"  # strip extension
fi
mkdir -p ${target}


key_frames_interval="$(echo `ffprobe ${source} 2>&1 | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+(.[[:digit:]]+)? fps' | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+(.[[:digit:]]+)?'`*2 | bc || echo '')"
key_frames_interval=${key_frames_interval:-50}
key_frames_interval=$(echo `printf "%.1f\n" $(bc -l <<<"$key_frames_interval/10")`*10 | bc) # round
key_frames_interval=${key_frames_interval%.*} # truncate to integer

# static parameters that are similar for all renditions
static_params="-c:a aac -ar 48000 -c:v h264 -profile:v main -crf 20 -sc_threshold 0"
static_params+=" -g ${key_frames_interval} -keyint_min ${key_frames_interval} -hls_time ${segment_target_duration}"
static_params+=" -hls_playlist_type vod"

# misc params
misc_params="-hide_banner -y"

master_playlist="#EXTM3U
#EXT-X-VERSION:3
"
cmd=""
for rendition in "${renditions[@]}"; do
  # drop extraneous spaces
  rendition="${rendition/[[:space:]]+/ }"

  # rendition fields
  resolution="$(echo ${rendition} | cut -d ' ' -f 1)"
  bitrate="$(echo ${rendition} | cut -d ' ' -f 2)"
  audiorate="$(echo ${rendition} | cut -d ' ' -f 3)"

  # calculated fields
  width="$(echo ${resolution} | grep -oE '^[[:digit:]]+')"
  height="$(echo ${resolution} | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+$')"
  maxrate="$(echo "`echo ${bitrate} | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+'`*${max_bitrate_ratio}" | bc)"
  bufsize="$(echo "`echo ${bitrate} | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+'`*${rate_monitor_buffer_ratio}" | bc)"
  bandwidth="$(echo ${bitrate} | grep -oE '[[:digit:]]+')000"
  name="${height}p"
  
  cmd+=" ${static_params} -vf scale=w=${width}:h=${height}:force_original_aspect_ratio=decrease"
  cmd+=" -b:v ${bitrate} -maxrate ${maxrate%.*}k -bufsize ${bufsize%.*}k -b:a ${audiorate}"
  cmd+=" -hls_segment_filename ${target}/${name}_%03d.ts ${target}/${name}.m3u8"
  
  # add rendition entry in the master playlist
  master_playlist+="#EXT-X-STREAM-INF:BANDWIDTH=${bandwidth},RESOLUTION=${resolution}\n${name}.m3u8\n"
done

# start conversion
echo -e "Executing command:\nffmpeg ${misc_params} -i ${source} ${cmd}"
ffmpeg ${misc_params} -i ${source} ${cmd}

# create master playlist file
echo -e "${master_playlist}" > ${target}/playlist.m3u8

echo "Done - encoded HLS is at ${target}/"
[root@tutorialspots store]# wget https://gist.github.com/mrbar42/ae111731906f958b396f30906004b3fa/raw/85d14d36559e0010346993e779ab73b18d856d49/create-vod-hls.sh
--2020-02-11 03:00:49--  https://gist.github.com/mrbar42/ae111731906f958b396f30906004b3fa/raw/85d14d36559e0010346993e779ab73b18d856d49/create-vod-hls.sh
Resolving gist.github.com (gist.github.com)... 140.82.113.20
Connecting to gist.github.com (gist.github.com)|140.82.113.20|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 301 Moved Permanently
Location: https://gist.githubusercontent.com/mrbar42/ae111731906f958b396f30906004b3fa/raw/85d14d36559e0010346993e779ab73b18d856d49/create-vod-hls.sh [following]
--2020-02-11 03:00:49--  https://gist.githubusercontent.com/mrbar42/ae111731906f958b396f30906004b3fa/raw/85d14d36559e0010346993e779ab73b18d856d49/create-vod-hls.sh
Resolving gist.githubusercontent.com (gist.githubusercontent.com)... 199.232.72.133
Connecting to gist.githubusercontent.com (gist.githubusercontent.com)|199.232.72.133|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 3103 (3.0K) 1
Saving to: ‘create-vod-hls.sh’

100%[======================================>] 3,103       --.-K/s   in 0s

2020-02-11 03:00:50 (15.0 MB/s) - ‘create-vod-hls.sh’ saved [3103/3103]

Step 2: convert mkv to VOD HLS

bash create-vod-hls.sh filename.mkv

Note: filename doesn’t contain space

MKV to VOD HLS M3U8

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